The concept of hospital bed has emerged with the concept of hospital in history. The first known hospital probably belongs to the Egyptian civilization. In Greece, a hospital dating back to 291 BC was discovered by archaeologists. In this health institution, which does not have rooms for patients to sleep in, help was sought from the healing god. The first hospital, as we understand it today, was perhaps seen in India in the 3rd century BC. It has been revealed that there were hospital-like structures in China in the early periods.
Hospital beds are specially designed for inpatients. They are produced for the purpose of preventing some illnesses related to hospitalization and to provide more comfort to the patient during the treatment process. Prolonged resting periods that require lying down can cause muscle and skeletal system diseases. Prolonged lying and resting periods that negatively affect circulation can also cause circulatory disorders. The so-called bed sore develops due to lack or absence of movement and it is very difficult to treat.
Patient beds are not used only in hospitals. It is also used in clinics, homes and other healthcare facilities. The concept of hospital bed is also used for the bed capacity of hospitals.
Generally, the beds produced in order to facilitate the care of patients in hospital wards or intensive care units and to increase patient comfort are called patient beds or patient beds. Thanks to these products, the interventions to be performed by the patient’s attendants or healthcare professionals are easier. Patient beds in hospitals are generally motorized. There are side rails to prevent the patient from falling from the bed and being damaged. Thanks to these products, the inpatient can change position more comfortably. Patient beds can also be used in homes. Hospital
Usually 3 or 4 motorized patient beds are preferred for in-patient use. The patient beds used in homes are usually two-motor or dual-motor ones, which are slightly more affordable. There are also manually operated patient beds. These patient beds are more economical than motorized models.
The hospital bed is generally divided into two different groups as electrical and manual. Manual products are divided into two groups as single or double adjusted. Electrical patient beds have a motor system controlled by a remote control. With the increase in the number of motors, the performance of the bearing also increases. Electrical patient beds are divided into six different groups: column motor, four motor, three motor, two motor, dual motor and single motor.
The quality of the materials used for the production of patient beds is extremely important. Patient beds made using thick profiles are more durable than others. In addition, for easy movement of the bed The bearing strength and quality of the wheels used are also important. The good paint quality and workmanship on the patient bed also allows the product to be used for a longer period of time. Some patient beds are produced only with iron profiles, while others are covered with anti-bacterial plastic. Plastic (ABS) coatings provide a better appearance than iron coatings. Choosing plastic (ABS) coated products instead of iron for home use will be positive for the psychology of the person lying in bed.
Between 1815 and 1825, they were first used in England in its present sense. In 1874, Andrew Wuest and his son company filed the first patent application in the US for Cincinnati and Ohio states. This product has been registered as an orthopedic mattress with movable head.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the third period hospital bed model was invented by Willis Dew Gatch. Working without motor, the feet and head parts of this product could move by turning it by hand. The first electric and remote controlled patient bed was invented in 1945.
The body of the patient beds is made of steel, iron or aluminum. Measures are taken against mold and erosion with electrostatic powder paint and chroming applied on the metal. In addition, with painting and chrome treatment, hygiene is also provided.
Metal, wood or PVC is used for the headboards of the patient bed. It is known that different substances are also used. In general, detachable heads are used for purposes other than limiting the patient in a physical area. They are also used for mounting files, remote controls, urine bags and similar objects that indicate the patient’s condition.
Side rails are also used for preventing the patient from falling and for other purposes. Removable and height adjustable side rails are produced using metal, wood, aluminum and pp plastic.
Orthopedic Hospital Bed
Orthopedic bedding products are produced with the aim of preventing musculoskeletal system disorders that may occur due to the patient’s hospitalization and to offer high comfort to the patient. They must be produced in accordance with the moving parts of the bed. They must work in harmony with the movements of the bed.
The wheels of the wheelchair bed are usually four. Two or 4 wheels can have a brake system. Brakes are activated when the patient bed is desired to be fixed.
The central lock wheel is designed to be used in patient beds and stretchers in accordance with the hospital environment. The central lock is produced in three stages and in two stages. The central lock allows the wheel stretcher or bed user to use it comfortably as a mobile.